About 1 in 4 adults experience a diagnosable mental disorder in a given year.

Some of the most common mental illnesses include:

Anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorders are the most commonly diagnosed mental illness. They include panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, post traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety

disorder and phobias. Nearly 3 out of 4 people with an anxiety disorder experience the first episode by age 21.

Depression

Depression is an illness that affects one's thoughts, feelings, behavior, physical health, activity and sleep patterns.

Eating disorders

The three main types of eating disorders are anorexia nervosa (severely restricting food), bulimia nervosa (binging and purging) and binge-eating disorder.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depression, includes episodes of a very high mood known as mania alternating with episodes of depression.

Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is one of the most common mental disorders in children and adolescents, but it also affects about 4 percent of adults. It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity.

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness where a person experiences hallucinations and delusions, emotional flatness and trouble with thinking. It affects about one percent of the population.

Personality disorders

Personality disorder is a serious mental illness that includes borderline personality disorder. People with this illness have problems with regulating emotions and thoughts, impulsive and reckless behavior and unstable relationships with other people.

Substance use disorders and dual diagnosis

Substance disorders involve abuse of substances, such as drugs or alcohol, which are harmful to an individual's physical and mental health. About 50 percent of people experiencing a mental illness also experience a substance use disorder. Sometimes only one of the two illnesses is identified.

 

Source: National Institutes of Mental Health

 

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Make It Ok: Learn the Lingo

Talking more openly about mental illnesses is one way to reduce the stigma and "Make It Ok."

Sometimes people resort to silence because it can be hard to find the words to say.

 

The tips from the Make It OK toolbox to help people become more comfortable talking about mental illnesses, include:

What can you say

Let's say someone you know just told you they're struggling with an anxiety disorder or depression.

What do you say? Here are a few suggestions.

• "Oh no, what can I do to help?"

• "I'm here for you if you need me"

• "Things will get better."

• "I can't imagine what you're going through."

• "We'll make it right. It'll be ok."

• "Can I drive you to an appointment?"

• "We love you"

What you shouldn't say

Sometimes our words may reinforce the stigma. Remember that mental illnesses are biological in nature, just like diabetes, and need treatment. Avoid using derogatory or dismissing language.

• "It could be worse."

• "Snap out of it."

• "Everyone feels that way sometimes."

• "You may have brought this on yourself."

• "There's got to be something wrong upstairs."

• "We've all been there."

• Don't use words such as crazy, psycho, nuts or insane.

Rule of thumb

Although talking about mental illnesses may be uncomfortable at first, know that it is also a difficult conversation for the person affected. Be nice, supportive and listen. Offer to help and keep the conversation going.

Crow Wing Energized is part of a local effort to stop the silence and stigma surrounding mental illnesses.

Want a Make It OK presentation at your organization, contact Kathy Sell at kathy.sell@essentiahealth.org or 218-828-7565.

 

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Resources about depression and other mental illnesses

Reduce stigma

Open conversations and reduce the stigma of mental illness (www.makeitok.org)

Leverage Resources

Many employers offer Employee Assistance Programs, which provide anonymous support and

referrals to counseling and many times covers the costs of some visits for both the employee and their family members who are covered on their insurance. Check with your Human Resources contact.

Family physicians

Often your medical provider has been trained to manage mental health problems in children and adults.

Counseling

There are many providers offering therapy and mental health services in the area; the following list is not all encompassing.

• Birch Lake Counseling 218-675-5101

• Lakeland Psychiatry 218-828-7394

• Lakes Country Counseling 218-454-0878

• Northern Pines Mental Health Center 218-829-3235

• Northern Psychiatric 218-454-0090

• Nystrom and Associates 218-829-9307

• True Balance Farm 320-632-5524

• Wellness in the Woods 218-296-2067

Crisis Services

All are available 24-hours, free and confidential.

Crisis Line & Referral Service

Call 218-828-4357 or 1-800-462-5525

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline

Call 1-800-273-8255

Crisis Text Line

Text "MN" to 741741